The following citations reflect a selection of the underlying research and evidence-based best practices that inform the On Course approach. These sources include a combination of focused original research, studies demonstrating the efficacy of their use to promote improved learning outcomes, and applications developed for interventions in a learning setting.

Click below to see research citations

Personal Responsibility

Glasser, William. Reality Therapy. Harper and Row, 1978.
Helmstetter, Shad. Choices. Simon and Schuster, 1989.
Frankl, Viktor E., M.D. Man’s Search for Meaning. Washington Square Press, 1959.
Lehrer, Jonah. How We Decide. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009.
Stone, Hal, and Sidra Stone. Embracing Your Inner Critic. HarperCollins, 1993.
Adams, Kathleen. Journal to the Self: Twenty-Two Paths to Personal Growth. Warner Books, 1990.
Scharle, Agota & Anita Szabo. Learner Autonomy: A Guide to Developing Learner Responsibility. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000.
The Albert Ellis ABC Model (text and video of Ellis)
Choice Theory Introduction (video of Bob Hoglund)
“Circle of Concern/Circle of Influence” (adapted from Stephen Covey)
“Five Ways to Empower Students” by Adora Svitak
Habit 1: Be Proactive (video of Stephen Covey)
“The Role of Responsibility in the Curriculum” by Scott Jaschik


Brophy, Jere. Motivating Students to Learn. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004.
Deci, Edward. Why We Do What We Do. G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1995
Dweck, Carol. Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Ballantine Books, 2007.
Garfield, Charles. Peak Performers. Avon Books, 1986.
Kohn, Alfie, Punished by Rewards. Houghton Mifflin, 1993.
Maslow, Abraham H. Toward a Psychology of Being. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1968.
Pink, Daniel. Drive: The Surprising Truth about What Motivates Us. Riverhead, 2009.
Pintrich, Paul R., and Dale H. Schunk. Motivation in Education. Prentice Hall, 1996.
Raffini, James P. 150 Ways to Increase Intrinsic Motivation in the Classroom. Allyn & Bacon, 1996.
Reeve, Johnmarshall. Motivating Others. Allyn and Bacon, 1996.
Wlodkowski, Raymond. Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn. Jossey Bass, 2008.
“The Educator’s Mindset: The Basis for Touching a Student’s Mind and Heart” by Robert Brooks
Habit 1: Be Proactive (video of Stephen Covey)
“Motivating Students to Engage in Learning: The MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation” by Brett D. Jones
“Motivation: A Literature Review”
“Pedagogies of Engagement: Classroom-Based Practices” by Smith et al.
“The Pleasure Principle: Connections between Reward and Learning” by Joanna Schaffhausen


Allen, David. Getting Things Done. Viking, 2001.
Covey, Stephen R. 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Simon and Schuster, 1989.
Merrill, A. Roger. Connections: Quadrant II Time Management. Publishers Press, 1987.
Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. Little, Brown and Co., 2008
Glasser, William. Reality Therapy. Harper and Row, 1978.
Lehrer, Jonah. How We Decide. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009
Smith, Hyrum. The 10 Natural Laws of Successful Time & Life Management. Warner Books, 1994.


Peck, M. Scott, M.D. The Different Drum. Simon and Schuster, 1987.
Rosenberg, Marshall B. Nonviolent Communication. PuddleDancer Press, 2005.
Satir, Virginia. The New Peoplemaking. Science and Behavior Books, 1988.
Cabrera, A. F., Nora, A., Bernal, E., Terenzini, P. & Pascarella, P. (November, 1998).
Collaborative Learning: Preferences, Gains in Cognitive and Affective Outcomes, and Openness to Diversity among College Students. Paper presented before the 1998 Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education. Miami, FL.
Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Smith, K. A. (1998). Active learning: Cooperation in the college classroom. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.
Jones & Jones (2008). Making cooperative learning work in the college classroom: An application of the ‘Five Pillars’ of cooperative learning to post-secondary instruction, The Journal of Effective Teaching, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2008, 61-76.
Pascarella, E., Pierson, C., Wolniak, G., & Terenzini, P. (2004). First-generation college Students: Additional evidence on college experiences and outcomes. Journal of Higher Education, 75(3), 249-284.
Slavin, Robert (1991). Student Team Learning: A Practical Guide to Cooperative Learning (3rd Edition).
National Education Association Washington DC
Springer, L., Stanne, M.E., & Donovan, S.S. (1999). Effects of small-group learning on undergraduates in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research. 69 (1). pp 21-51.
Tinto, V. (1998). Colleges as communities: Taking research on student persistence seriously. Review of Higher Education, 21(2), 167-177.
“Unseen Disadvantage: How American Universities’ Focus on Independence Undermines the Academic Performance of First-Generation College Students.”
Smith, Karl A., “Cooperation in the College Classroom,” Notes prepared by Karl A. Smith, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 1993.


Keyes Jr., Ken. Handbook to Higher Consciousness. Living Love Publishing, 1975.
James, Muriel, and Dorothy Jongeward. Born to Win. Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1978.
Seligman, Martin E.P. What You Can Change & What You Can’t. Alfred A. Knopf, 1994.
Steiner, Claude M. Scripts People Live. Bantam Books, 1974.

Lifelong Learning

deBono, Edward. deBono’s Thinking Course. Facts on File, 1982.
Dweck, Carol. Mindset. Ballantine Books, 2007.
Herrmann, Ned. The Creative Brain. Brain Books, 1989.
Kahneman, Daniel. Thinking, Fast and Slow. Macmillan, 2011.
Ruggiero, Vincent. The Art of Thinking. Longman, 2006.
Rogers, Carl. Freedom to Learn. Charles E. Merrill, 1969.
Sousa, David A. How the Brain Learns. Corwin Press, 2006.
Jensen, Eric. Brain Based Learning. The Brain Store, 2000.
Paul, Richard and Linda Elder. Critical Thinking. Prentice Hall, 2005
vonOech, Roger. A Whack on the Side of the Head. Warner Books, 1983.
Autin, Frederique and Jean-Claude Croizet. “Improving Working Memory Efficiency by Reframing Metacognitive Interpretation of Task Difficulty, ” Journal of Experimental Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2012, Vol. 141, No. 4, 610 – 618
Hagen, Carmel. “9 Reasons Why Failure is Not Fatal,” 99U: Insights on making ideas happen.
Features video or writings on 9 different examples of “good” failures.
Halvorson, Heidi Grant. Succeed: How We Can Reach Our Goals. Hudson Street Press, 2010.
Hill, Maria. “40 Benefits of Making Mistakes,” Lifehack, March 27, 2013.
Honda Advertising Campaign, 2009: The Power of Dreams. “Failure: The Secret to Sucess”. (Preview)
Tugend, Alina. Better by Mistake: The Unexpected Benefits of Being Wrong. Riverhead Trade, 2012.
Stanford: The Resilience Project,
Sivasailam Thiagarajan, Ph. D. #149, How Fast Can You Solve It?
Venable, Melissa. “Reframing Failure for Learning,” Inside Online Learning, June 8, 2012.

Emotional Intelligence

Brearley, Michael. Emotional Intelligence in the Classroom. Crown House, 2001.
Burns, David, M.D. Feeling Good. William Morrow & Company, 1980.
Ciarrochi, Joseph. Emotional Intelligence in Everyday Life. Psychology Press, 2001.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Harper & Row, 1990.
Elias, Maurice & Harriett Arnold (ed.). The Educator’s Guide to Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement, Corwin Press, 2006.
Goleman, Daniel. Emotional Intelligence. Bantam Books, 1995.
Merlevede, Patrick E., et. al. 7 Steps to Emotional Intelligence. Crown House, 2001.
Murphy, Kevin R. Critique of Emotional Intelligence. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2006
Lyubomirsky, Sonja. The How of Happiness. Penguin Books, 2007.
Seligman, Martin. Learned Optimism. Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
Tobias, Sheila. Overcoming Math Anxiety. W.W. Norton & Co., 1993.
Bar-on, Reuven. Baron Emotional Quotient Inventory (Technical Manual). MHS, 2007.
Burns, David D., M.D. Feeling Good. William Morrow and Company, 1980.
Burns, David D., M.D. The Feeling Good Handbook. Penguin, 1990.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. Flow. Harper and Row 1990.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. Finding Flow. Basic Books, 1997.
Ellis, Albert. How to Stubbornly Refuse to Make Yourself Miserable about Anything, Yes Anything. Carol Publishing, 1994.
Goleman, Daniel. Emotional Intelligence. Bantam Books, 1995.
Goleman, Daniel. Working with Emotional Intelligence. Bantam Books, 1998.
Goleman, Daniel. The Brain and Emotional Intelligence. More than Sound, 2011.
Haidt, Jonathan. The Happiness Hypothesis. Basic Books, 2006.
Johnson, Susan. Taking the Anxiety Out of Taking Tests. Barnes & Noble, 1997.
Lyubomirsky, Sonja. The How of Happiness. Penguin Books, 2007
Mayer, John D., Marc A. Bracketta and Peter Salovey. Emotional Intelligence: Key Readings on the Mayer and Salovey Model. National Professional Resources, Inc. 2004.
McQuade, Walter and Ann Aikman. Stress. Bantam Books. 1974.
Myers, David G. The Pursuit of Happiness. Avon Books. 1992.
Peterson, Christopher. A Primer in Positive Psychology. Oxford University Press, 2006.
Segal, Jeanne. Raising Your Emotional Intelligence. Henry Holt and Co. 1997.
Seligman, Martin. Authentic Happiness. Atria Books, 2003.
Shiota, Michelle N. and James W. Kalat. Emotion, 2nd ed. Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2012.
Stein, Steven J., Howard E. Book and Korrel Kanoy. The Student EQ Edge. Jossey-Bass, 2013.
Tobias, Sheila. Overcoming Math Anxiety. W.W. Norton and Company. 1993.
Wehrenberg, Margaret. The 10 Best-Ever Anxiety Management Techniques. W.W. Norton, 2008.
This web site is hosted by the Positive Psychology Center at the university of Pennsylvania.
This site is associated with Martin Seligman (the “father of positive psychology) and offers many free self-assessments, including one of signature strengths.
The web site of the Society of Counseling Psychology (Division 17 of the American Psychological Association) offers a section devoted to positive psychology.

Believing in Yourself

Branden, Nathaniel. How to Raise Your Self-Esteem. Bantam, 1988.
Burns, David, M.D. Feeling Good. William Morrow & Company, 1980.
Frankl, Viktor E., M.D. Man’s Search for Meaning. Washington Square Press, 1959.
Henricks, Gay. The Learning to Love Yourself Workbook. Prentice Hall, 1990.
Kernis, Michael. Self-Esteem: Issues and Answers. Psychology Press, 2006.
McKay, Matthew, and Patrick Fanning. Self-Esteem. New Harbinger Publications, 2000.
McKay, Matthew, and Patrick Fanning. Self-Esteem Companion. New Harbinger Publications, 2002.
Myers, David G. The Pursuit of Happiness. Avon Books, 1992.
Seligman, Martin. Learned Optimism. Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
Stone, Hal & Sidra Stone. Embracing Your Inner Critic. HarperCollins, 1993.
Benham, M.J. 1993. Fostering Self- Motivated Behavior, Personal Responsibility, and Internal Locus of Control, ERIC Document Reproduction No. ED 386 621
Davis, L.E., and K Peck, H.I. 1992. Outcome Measures–School Climate: Curriculum and Instruction. ERIC Document Reproduction No. ED 353 335
Dweck, C.S. 2000. Self-theories: Their role in motivation, personality, and development. Lillington, NC: Psychology Press.
Golden, Sandra . 2003. Self-Efficacy: How Does It Influence Academic Success? Adult Learning. Vol. 14 Issue 3, p14-16.
Klein, J. D., and Keller, J. M. 1990. Influence of Student Ability, Locus of Control, and Type of Instructional Control on Performance and Confidence. Journal of Educational Research, 83 (3) 140-46.
Kernis, Michael. 2006. Self-Esteem: Issues and Answers. Psychology Press,
Learner, B. 1996. Self-Esteem and Excellence: The Choice and the Paradox. American Educator, Summer 1996, 9-13.
Osborne, Jason W., 1997. Identification with academics and academic success among community college students. Community College Review, Vol. 25, Issue 1

Learner-Centered Education

deBono, Edward. deBono’s Thinking Course. Facts on File, 1982.
Dewey, John. Experience & Education. Collier Books, 1938.
Brookfield, Stephen D. The Skillful Teacher. Jossey-Bass, 2006.
Dewey, John. Experience & Education. Collier Books, 1938.
Jensen, Eric. Brain Based Learning. The Brain Store, 2000.
Kagan, Spencer. Cooperative Learning. Resources for Teachers, 1994.
Postman, Neil, and Charles Weingartner. Teaching as a Subversive Activity. Dell, 1969.
Thiagarajan, Sivasailam. Thiagi’s 100 Favorite Games. Pfeiffer, 2006.
Angelo, Thomas A., Claire Howell Major & K. Patricia Cross. Collaborative Learning Techniques: A Practical Guide to Promoting Learning in Groups. Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Brookfield, Stephen. Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning: A Comprehensive Analysis of Principles and Effective Practices. Jossey-Bass, 1991.
Buehl, Doug. Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning. International Reading Association, 2001.
Capacchione, Lucia. The Creative Journal. Newcastle, 1989.
Cross, K. Patricia. Adults As Learners: Increasing Participation and Facilitating Learning. Jossey-Bass, 1992.
Dewey, John. Experience & Education. Collier Books, 1938.
Duch, Barbara J., et. Al. (Editor). The Power of Problem-Based Learning. Stylus Pub Llc, 2001.
Eitington, Julius E. The Winning Trainer. Gulf Publishing Company, 1984.
Epstein, Robert. The Big Book of Motivation Games. McGraw Hill, 2001.
Foyle, Harvey C. (ed.). Interactive Learning in the Higher Education Classroom: Cooperative, Collaborative, and Active Learning Strategies. National Education Association, 1995.
Gagne, Robert M., Leslie J. Briggs & Walter W. Wager. Principles of Instructional Design. Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich, 1995.
Gass, Michael A. Book of Metaphors. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1995.
Gibbs, Jeanne. Tribes: A New Way of Learning and Being Together. Center Source, 1995.
Glasgow, Neal A. New Curriculum for New Times: A Guide to Student-Centered, Problem-Based Learning. Corwin Press, 1997.
James, Tad and David Shephard. Presenting Magically. Crown House Publishing. 2001
Johnson, David, Roger Johnson and Karl Smith, Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom, Edina, MN: Interaction Book Co., 1991.
Herrmann, Ned. The Creative Brain. Brain Books, 1989.
Kagan, Spencer. Cooperative Learning. Kagan Publishers. 1992.
Kolb, David A. Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Prentice Hall, 1983.
Lawlor, Michael, Peter Handley & Michel Lawlor. The Creative Trainer. McGraw-Hill, 1997.
Luckner, John L. & Reldan S. Nadler. Processing the Experience: Strategies to Enhance and Generalize Learning. (2nd ed) Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1997.
McCarthy, Bernice. About Learning. About Learning Publishers. Wauconda, Il., 1996.
McCarthy, Bernice. About Teaching. About Learning Publishers. Wauconda, Il., 2000.
McCombs, Barbara L., et. al., The Learner-Centered Classroom and School: Strategies for Increasing Student Motivation and Achievement. Jossey-Bass, 1997.
Milano, Michael, et. al., Designing Powerful Training: The Sequential-Iterative Model. Jossey-Bass. 1998.
Moon. Jenny A., Learning Journals: A Handbook for Academics, Students and Professional Development. Kogan Page Ltd., 2000.
Newstrom, John & Edward Scannell. The Big Book of Team Building Games. McGraw Hill, 1998.
O’Banion, Terry. A Learning College for the 21st Century. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1997.
Peck, M. Scott, M.D. The Different Drummer. Simon and Schuster, 1987.
Progroff, Ira. At a Journal Workshop. Dialogue House Library, 1975.
*Scannell, Edward E. and John W. Newstrom. Games Trainers Play. McGraw-Hill, 1980.
Shaw, Vanston. Community Building in the Classroom. Kagan Publishers, 1992.
*Silberman, Mel. Active Learning: 101 Strategies to Teach Any Subject. Allyn & Bacon, 1996.
Sugar, Steve. Games That Teach: Experiential Activities for Reinforcing Training. Jossey-Bass, 1998.
Thiagarajan, Sivasailam & Glenn M. Parker. Teamwork and Teamplay: Games and Activities for Building and Training Teams. Jossey-Bass, 1999.
Weimer, Maryellen. Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Buzan, Tony. Make the Most of Your Mind. Simon and Schuster, 1977.
Chickering, Arthur & Linda Reisser, Education and Identity. Jossey-Bass, 1993.

On Course References

“On Course Workshop 2013: On Course in Online classes” by Kelly Falcone
“Weekly Update” by Brenda Hellyer
“International Professional Development Consultant Leads Faculty Workshop on Campus”
“On Course in New York”
“On Course Workshop Satisfaction Survey”
“On Course…of Course”
“On Course Strategies Blog” by marlindaboxley
“Washtenaw Community College helps workers in transition overcome barriers to success” by Juliana Keeping
“How I Spent my Adjunct Professional Growth Money” by Julie Carpenter
“ECC Compton Center FIPP Activity Reports – Spring 2010”
“Orientation Class Changing Lives”
“Are Your Students On Course to Graduation?” by Jonathan Brennan, PhD, EdD, Faculty, Mission College, CA. Article Posting #930
“New Workshop Helps Peer Leaders Keep Students On Course!” by Ruth Silon.